Bunions And Hammer ToesPosted: May 30, 2014
A foot doctor may need to take a look if you have a corn. This is a spot on the foot where dead skin has begun to build up. This can be painful and also inconvenient when it comes time to wear that favorite pair of shoes. While there are treatments that can be purchased over the counter, a podiatrist may be needed to help with the removal. Sarah Brown visited a Hindu temple in north London where the sensibilities of the local Hindu community required her to take off her shoes. The press cameras then duly photographed her, barefoot, at the temple’s entrance and filed their photos.
A callus is an area of hard, thickened skin that can occur across the ball of the foot, on the heel, or on the outer side of the big toe. Typically considered a skin problem, calluses actually stem from a problem with the bone. Calluses have painful nerves and bursal sacs beneath them, causing symptoms ranging from sharp, shooting pain to dull, aching soreness. Other types of fractures include those as a result of direct trauma. Dropping a heavy object or twisting the foot or ankle can cause a fracture. It is recommended that you contact your podiatrist if you think you might have a foot or ankle fracture.
Do file the corn or callus with an emery board or pumice stone every several days after bathing to reduce the amount of hard tissue. The act of bathing or showering moistens and loosens the superficial hard skin, and makes it easier to file this tissue off without having to sand away like the foot was a piece of wood. Don’t use medicated corn pads or liquid corn remover. These chemicals, which are mainly skin acids, can eat away at the good surrounding skin and cause chemical burns if improperly applied. Diabetics, those with poor sensation, and those with poor circulation should especially avoid using these products.
Another painful foot problem is a callus Calluses are thickened areas of skin that may occur on the ball of the foot or on top of a bunion. They usually develop as a result of wearing poorly fitted shoes. High heels often cause calluses as they exert pressure on the ball of the foot. Calluses can be treated at home by massaging them with an over the counter ointment and then rubbing off the dead skin with a pumice stone. If this is ineffective, a podiatrist can remove the callus chemically or with surgery. A corn is basically the same as a callus but just smaller.
A bunion is an enlarged bone on the side of the big toe. This is due to an outward deviation of the bone, creating an angled joint. Depending on the severity of the bunion, the big toe may be angled mildly or sharply toward the other toes, sometimes overlapping or under lapping. The protuberant joint can become irritated and inflamed in shoes. The skin over the joint becomes painful and tender. If the irritation of the joint continues, then over time, bursitis or arthritis may occur, causing more difficulty with walking.
Varicose veins refer to an enlargement of the veins and a loss in the ability of the vein to properly maintain blood flow back toward the heart. When this occurs blood can collect in the feet and legs. Superficial varicose veins may appear as unsightly cords or a small bunch of grapes, which usually appear on the tops of the feet, around the ankles and may extend upward to the knees and thighs. Deep varicose veins while usually not visible will result in chronic swelling of the feet, ankles and legs. This results in swelling, called edema. The skin can become inflamed, and is know as venous stasis dermatitis.
Developing a corn, callus or bunion is normal, but can typically be avoided with prevention and proper fitting shoes. As a general rule, if it hurts, see your podiatrists in London. They can administer the best treatment for your specific case and advise you on the best ways to prevent corns, calluses or bunions from developing in the future. The ideal body has a framework of curves and arches that, with the joints, support and balance the body’s weight. When spinal curves or foot arches flatten or are exaggerated, our center of gravity is shifted. The result? Pain!
Rather than adapting to your flat feet, you can work towards altering problematic foot structure. We train people to redistribute most of their body weight over their heels rather than over the front of their feet, strengthening critical muscles in the feet, and to walk in a way that builds up muscles in the foot arch. We may recommend insoles that can be easily upgraded as the foot structure improves. The fifth or little toe sits at the end of a long bone called the fifth metatarsal. At the junction of these bones is the joint where the bunionette forms.